To populate Scholarly, sign in here .


Title Natural association of the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis indica (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) from the Philippines with the non-symbiotic bacterium Ochrobactrum anthropi (Proteobacteria: Brucellaceae)
Posted by Nanette Hope Sumaya
Authors April Lyn Leonar, Prakaijan Nimkingrat, Sitaram Aryal, Joey Genevieve Martinez, Aashaq Hussain Bhat and Nanette Hope Sumaya
Publication date 2022/07/05
Journal Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control
Volume 32 (83)
Issue Online
Pages 11
Publisher Springer Nature
Abstract Background: Entomopathogenic nematodes of the genera Heterorhabditis and Steinernema are widely used as biocontrol agents against diverse insect pests. Their association with symbiont bacteria is found to be the primary cause of insect mortality. The present study reported a comprehensive characterization of a local Philippine EPN isolate using congruent morpho-taxometrical and molecular data and the associated bacterium in the infective dauer juveniles. Results:Using an insect-baiting technique, a nematode isolate labeled F2H was recovered from the sandy soils in the coastal area of southern Philippines. Based on morphology and morpho-taxometrics, the F2H isolate collected from Iligan City was identified as Heterorhabditis indica. Analysis of the ITS region of rDNA revealed the highest sequence match to H. indica. The sequences of the bacterial 16S rDNA gene showed that the symbiont of H. indica presented 100% similitude with the sequences of Ochrobactrum anthropi. Further, pairwise alignment and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that O. anthropi, O. lupini and O. cytisi shared 100% similarity and form a monophyletic clade. These strains have not presented any differences in the phylogenetic and 16S rDNA data, and O. lupini and O. cytisi should be considered a later heterotypic synonym of O. anthropi. Conclusions: The description of H. indica-O. anthropi association was the first report in the Philippines. This provides additional account and collection of naturally isolated EPN-bacteria, contributing to limited knowledge on its diversity in the Philippines, which can be utilized in the biocontrol of pests after further comprehensive assessments.
Index terms / Keywords Entomopathogenic nematodes, Biocontrol, ITS rDNA, Local isolates , Non-symbiont bacteria, Zophobas morio ,16S rDNA