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Posted by Geraldine Ridad
Authors Geraldine S. Ridad1, Sheena Mae D. Cuaton1, Aren Dale N. Hataas1, Tessa T. Sinday1, Jude D. Positos2
Conference 3rd International Biennial Conference on Technological Competency as Caring in the Health Sciences 2021
Abstract Introduction: Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) remain the number one cause of death globally, which in most cases require immediate emergency care. Thus, this study aimed to improve access to Emergency Medical Services (EMS) through a device that will notify the rescue team easily of an emergency around the area and be able to locate them through GPS. The functions of the device included sending of EMS and disregard message, pulse and location detection, and emergency buzzer. Methods: The study was anchored on Locsin’s Theory of Technological Competency as Caring in Nursing. ADDIE Model and FDA Total Product Lifecycle and Development Pathway were used also in designing and development of the device prototype. Comparative Descriptive research design was used to determine the device’s effectiveness and efficiency thru 7 simulated testing with paramedics in various places of Iligan City. The device’s healthcare efficiency, acceptability, and usability were determined as perceived by 45 cardiac patients (CP) and 45 healthcare providers (HP) purposively selected using pilot tested questionnaires and the Standard Usability Questionnaires for Handheld Augmented Reality. Results: Frequency counts, mean, and percentages were used to compare and describe the results. EMS messages were sent and received on time except on the last try. Sending of disregard message mostly had an interval of 1 minute. Pulse rate detection had an average difference of 6 cycles per minute (cpm) compared to manual reading and 5 cpm compared to pulse oximeter. There is an average difference of 13.06 meters (42.85 feet) for location detection. The minimum over-all EMS response time is 2 minutes and 54 seconds, while the maximum is 9 minutes and 30 seconds. 47% of HP agreed that the device is very highly efficient in improving healthcare system. 44% of HP and 49% of CP agreed that it is very highly usable. 47% of HP and 58% of CP agreed that it is very highly accepted and were very highly satisfied with the use and cost of the device. Conclusion: The prototype has a lot of room for improvement, however, will surely be a great tool in the medical field and community by connecting them to EMS faster. Lastly, the researchers recommend improving the design of the device by using nanotechnology and water-resistant materials in its redevelopment, installing of a smart screen monitor and GPS chip.
Index terms / Keywords Emergency Medical Services, Technology, Reaction Time, Heart Rate