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Title Higaonon Dances: Their Implications to Cultural Identity Peace and Development
Posted by Harlyn Mae Ompoc
Authors Harlyn Mae Ompoc, Rebecca Alcuizar, Cherlita Cudal, Arlene Reyes
Publication date 2019
Conference 5th ASEAN Council of Physical Education and Sport (ACPES) Conference
Abstract This study presents an ethnographic overview of the Higaonon culture as shown in their traditional dances, their beliefs, values and customs. It presents the Higaonon dances which explore the role of the tribe as agent of culture preservation that is gradually diminishing due to modern influences in society. Observations and interviews were the two primary methods used to gather important data for this study. Descriptive method was also utilized to describe the meaning, movements of the arms, and the step patterns which reflect their cultural identity. Entry protocols with the tribal leaders and local government officials were properly observed. Results of this study shows that there are seven traditional dances of the Higaonon namely: Anahaw, Binanog, Kagmalaki, Kagsabona, Kapangamote, Saut, and Talapak. Furthermore, it reveals that the Higaonon dancers have common costumes, accessories, adornment and accompaniment used in different dances. Their costume used only three colors that will identify their tribe and culture. These are the Red color which means bravery of their tribal leaders to protect the members of the tribe, the White color for purity and sincerity to their beliefs and traditions, and the Black color which stands for loyalty to their customary laws. Moreover, the Higaonon used “gong” and “tambol” for their accompaniment in all their dance presentations. The dancers used almost the same step patterns, and variations of their arm and hand movements which connote different meanings as being emphasized in each dance.
Index terms / Keywords Higaonon Dances, Cultural Identity, Peace, Development, Indigenous People