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Title Body size, habitat, and diet of freshwater crabs Isolapotamon mindanaoense and Sundathelphusa miguelito (Crustacea: Brachyura) in the Municipality of Lake Sebu, South Cotabato, Philippines
Posted by Ephrime Metillo
Authors Ziljih S. Molina, Jemateo B. Neri, Rizza May P. Cañete, Ephrime B. Metillo
Publication date 2020/8/11
Journal Science Diliman
Volume 32
Issue 1
Pages 51-70
Publisher UP Diliman
Abstract Isolapotamon mindanaoense (Rathbun 1904) and Sundathelphusa miguelito Mendoza and Sy 2017 have narrow biogeographical distribution and are both regarded as endemic to Mindanao island. They are common and publicly consumed freshwater or semi-terrestrial crabs inhabiting vicinities near the waterfalls of Lake Sebu Municipality, South Cotabato in Mindanao, but both species are scarcely investigated. This study aimed to examine the body size, microhabitat and the feeding ecology of these freshwater crab species. Sex and carapace width and length of individuals were determined from specimens collected by hand at three waterfall sampling sites. Feeding and feeding niche overlap were respectively analyzed using the index of relative importance (IRI) of prey items from individual crab stomachs and the Schoener's Ro index. Food items ingested include fish fragments, insect body parts, fragments of aquatic vascular plants, freshwater algae, sand grains and amorphous materials, and these items were similar between species. However, the larger I. mindanaoense appeared to ingest more fish fragments and other animal prey items compared to S. miguelito which ingested more amorphous materials that are derived from benthic plants. However, the Ro value of 93% was high, suggesting very similar diet. The two species further partition niches, with S. miguelito being smaller in size and inhabiting sand and gravel substrate, while the larger I. mindanaoense inhabit areas with big boulders. Hence, the crabs can be categorized as omnivorous and detrivorous, and exhibit feeding and habitat niche partitioning that alleviate possible resource competition between the two species.
Index terms / Keywords Mindanao, feeding ecology, IRI, omnivory, niche partitioning, diet