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Title The role of bae in resolving conflict and maintaining tribal peace and order
Posted by Primitivo Iii Ragandang
Authors Primitivo III C. RAGANDANG; Sulpecia L. PONCE
Publication date 2019/04
Journal Conflict Studies Quarterly
Issue Issue 27
Publisher Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Abstract This exploratory research investigates the role of baes (women members of the tribal council) in the traditional system of conflict resolution, as well as in maintaining tribal peace and order. With the Higaunon tribe of Barangay Kiabo, Malitbog, Bukidnon province, Philippines, as case in point, the data employed in this study include the responses of the members of the tribal council, especially of the baes. The study uses a qualitative approach and the data is interpreted using descriptive analysis. The study shows the historical account of the Higaunon tribe, including its patriarchal nature. It also discusses the qualifications, selection process, as well as koda (coding) given to the bae. The article then looks into the roles and responsibilities of the baes in the traditional conflict resolution of the tribe and the role they play in maintaining the peace and order of the tribe in general. Similar with their male counterparts, baes are being selected by the tribal chieftain. The tribal chieftain is also the one who assigns tasks to the baes while, in many instances, the baes serves as the record and tribal activity keepers, making it sure that tribal policies and affairs are observed properly.
Index terms / Keywords bae, Higaunon, traditional conflict resolution, tribe, peace