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Title The Level of Knowledge and Risk for Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) among Post-Operative Patients: Implications to Nursing Care
Posted by Geraldine Ridad
Authors Geradine S. Ridad, Emil H. Hussain, Jr., Dereck Josh M. Simplicio
Publication date 2018/11
Abstract ABSTRACT Venous thromboembolism (VTE), is one of the most frequent cardiovascular diseases. This single disease has two major manifestations: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE). However, these medical conditions receive little attention. This quantitative research study utilized a pre-experimental research design, particularly, the one group pre-test and post-test design. A researcher-modified questionnaire was used to assess the respondent’s level of knowledge and their risk probability of having DVT. Fifty post-operative patients who were confined at the surgery and ob-gyne wards in Gregorio T. Lluch Memorial Hospital in Iligan city were the respondents of this study. Results showed that, there is a significant difference in the level of knowledge before and after the health teaching, by giving of pamphlet and thorugh the use of a visual aid with (p= 0.000), having a median scores of (0) for before the health teaching, and (87.50) after the health teaching was conducted. Moreover, there is a significant relationship between the respondents’ demographic data and the level of risk for DVT, specifically as to body mass index (p=0.031), age (p=0.000), type of surgery (p=0.000), days of confinement after surgical operation (p=0.029) and affected area (p=0.000), because p<α value of (0.05). It has been found out that, before the health teaching was conducted, most of the respondents have no knowledge regarding DVT. Thus, it is imperative to increase patient’s knowledge about DVT through health education especially before and after any types of surgery. The more information is provided, the higher the respondent’s knowledge would become. The risk assessment tool used based on the clinical findings and DVT risk score interpretation was proved to be effective in identifying whether the respndents have a low, moderate or high probability to DVT. Keywords: Deep Vein Thrombosis, Level of Knowledge and Risk, Post-operative patients
Index terms / Keywords Deep Vein Thrombosis, Level of Knowledge and Risk, Post-operative patients